Theosophy (from Greek theosophia, which comes from the combination of words theos, God sophia, wisdom; literally "God's wisdom") refers to schools of esoteric philosophy concerning, or seeking direct knowledge of, presumed mysteries of being and nature, particularly concerning the nature of divinity.
Theosophy is considered a part of the broader field of esotericism, referring to hidden knowledge or wisdom that offers the individual enlightenment and salvation. The theosopher seeks to understand the mysteries of the universe and the bonds that unite the universe, humanity, and the divine. The goal of theosophy is to explore the origin of divinity, humanity and the world. From investigation of those topics, theosophers try to discover a coherent description of the purpose and origin of the universe.
The name Theosophy is often used in modern times to refer to the religio-philosophic doctrines of the Theosophical Society founded in New York City in 1875 by Henry Steel Olcott with William Quan Judge and Helena Petrovna Blavatsky. Blavatsky's magnum opus, one of the major foundational works of this Theosophy, was published in 1888 as The Secret Doctrine. Theosophical Societies and Organizations remain active in more than 52 countries around the world. Theosophy has also given rise to or influenced the development of other mystical, philosophical, and religious movements.